Leonardo da Vinci: enigmas de la última cena

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En este fresco pintado por Leonardo da Vinci  entre 1595-1597 conocido como “La última cena” o “Il Cenacolo” algunos autores han creído hallar indicios de que da Vinci quiso transmitir su visión heterodoxa del cristianismo, sobre la base de las hipótesis que apuntamos.

Da Vinci dando la espalda a Jesús
Da Vinci dando la espalda a Jesús

Judas Tadeo, que aparece dando la espalda a Jesús, es un autorretrato del propio Leonardo. También lo hace así en la “Adoración de los reyes magos”. Algunos autores lo interpretan como expresión de su desacuerdo con la doctrina cristiana ortodoxa. La figura a la derecha de Jesús sería María Magdalena. Así parecen indicarlo sus rasgos femeninos, manos delicadas y la sugerencia de pechos en los pliegues curvados del vestido.

Los colores de éste están invertidos respecto a los de Jesús, que tiene túnica roja y capa azul, mientras Juan (Magdalena) lleva túnica azul y capa roja. Al inclinarse los cuerpos de ambos en sentido opuesto, forman una V en el espacio interior, que sugeriría el concepto de Divinidad femenina y de Santo Grial concebido como vientre de la supuesta descendencia de ambos.

ultima-cena-M

La parte exterior de los dos cuerpos forma una M, que aludiría a Magdalena. La letra M aparece también en el frontispicio del altar de Nôtre Dame de France y en Leicester Palace, así como en el mural realizado frente a éste por Jean Cocteau en 1960. En dicha obra se representa la crucifixión y Cocteau se autorretrata de espaldas a Jesús, como Leonardo en “La Última Cena”. Giorgio Vasari, pintor contemporáneo del maestro toscano y también su primer biógrafo, dijo de él en 1550 que «Leonardo llegó a tener unas concepciones tan heréticas que no se aproximaba a ninguna religión, pues tenía en mucha más estima el ser filósofo que cristiano».

Toda esta información habría permanecido encriptada a lo largo de los siglos en mil códigos secretos estratégicamente esparcidos, fundamentalmente, en catedrales construidas por templarios y en cuadros de pintores famosos. Y los custodios de este secreto habrían sido los caballeros de una misteriosa orden: el Priorato de Sión, del que los templarios no serían más que su brazo armado y administrativo. Leonardo da Vinci habría sido uno de los grandes maestres de esta orden, y en su cuadro La última cena se halla la clave de todo este embrollo, como comentábamos, el que está a la derecha de Jesús no es el apóstol Juan, como siempre se ha creído, sino María Magdalena, la esposa de Jesús.

Ambos, en los orígenes del cristianismo, habrían formado una pareja divina al estilo de la egipcia Isis – Osiris. De acuerdo con esta tesis, la fe de los primeros cristianos consistía en realidad, en la adoración de lo “femenino sagrado”, culto que la Iglesia oficial establecida por Constantino (a quien se acusa de haber elevado a Jesús a categoría de Dios, cuando hasta entonces nunca se le había considerado tal) habría perseguido con saña en un intento de hacerlo desaparecer. Pero, por lo visto, no lo consiguió. Fue el mensaje que nos quiso dejar Leonardo sabedor del secreto.

Pedro amenazando con un cuchillo a María Magdalena
Pedro amenazando con un cuchillo a María Magdalena

Junto a Pedro aparece una mano que sujeta un cuchillo y que no pertenece a nadie identificable, o bien a Pedro en una posición antinatural. Éste también hace un duro gesto con la mano, cortando el cuello de Magdalena, que podría recoger la animadversión de este apóstol por ella que recogen los evangelios gnósticos. A la derecha de Jesús aparece Santiago el Mayor, señalándolo con un dedo alzado, que reproduce “el gesto de Juan”.

La segunda figura empezando por la izquierda corresponde a Santiago el Menor y es un calco de Jesús, a quien señala con la mano izquierda extendida. Algunos autores lo interpretan como alusión al hermano gemelo de Jesús que mencionan las fuentes cristianas heterodoxas y las musulmanas. En Juan se le llama Dídimo (gemelo en griego) y en el Evangelio de Tomás se le identifica como Judas “Tomás”, nombre que también significa “gemelo”.

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